Classification of Himachal Pradesh Forest

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1655
Great Himalayan National Park

Legal Classification of Forest areas in Himachal Pradesh

Category wise ForestsArea (Sq KM)Percentage
Reserved Forests18834.96%
Demarcated Protected Forests1285233.87%
Un-demarcated Protected Forests1603542.25%
Others forests* (Managed by Forest Department)716018.87%
Not managed by Forest Department (Municipal, Cantonment Forests etc.,)180.05%
Total37948100%

* Other Forests include Unclassed forests, Shamlats, Co-operative forests, Charagah, billa, drakhtan and strip forests.
Note- All the figures furnished above are as per the official brochure of HP Forest Department, titled as “Forest Area 2018″duly approved by the Govt of HP.

Geographical Distribution of Forest

 Area (Sq KM)Percentage
Geographical Area of Himachal Pradesh55673100%
Forest area Legally Classified3794868.16%
Area under Tree Cover1510027.12%
Very Dense Forest31105.58%
Moderate Dense Forest670512.04%
Open Forest52859.49%

Note – Geographical Distribution of Forest (As per FSI Report 2017)

DISTRICT WISE FOREST COVER OF HIMACHAL PRADESH : As Per FSI Report 2017 (Area in Sq KM)

DistrictGeographical Area (Sq KM)Very Dense Forest (Sq KM)Mod. Desne Forest (Sq KM)Open Forest (Sq KM)Total (Sq KM)
Bilaspur116723161191375
Chamba65227759866822443
Hamirpur11183986188311
Kangra573929712746262197
Kinnaur640179266278623
Kullu55035828435621987
Lahul Spiti138411531147193
Mandi39503687226711761
Shimla513173610306242399
Sirmaur28251315686881387
Solan193646426394866
Una154019303234556
Grand Total5567331106705528515100

Conifers (trees) Found in Himachal Pradesh Forests

Sr No.Common NameScientific Name
1Blue Pine/Himalayan PinePinus Wallichina
2Chir PinePinus Roxburghii
3Chilghoza PinePinus Gerardiana
4West Himalayan SprucePicea Smithiana
5Pindrow Fir/West Himalayan FirAbies Pindrow
6East Himalayan FirAbies Spectabilis
7Himalayan cypressCupressus Torulosa
8Himalayan Cedar/DeodarCedrus Deodara
9Indian Juniper/Himalayan Juniper/DevidiarJuniperus Macropoda
10Drooping Juniper/Himalayan JuniperJuniperus Recurva
11Flaky Juniper/Himalayan JuniperJuiperus Squamata
12Common JuniperJuniperus Communis
13Black JuniperJuniperous Indica
14Himalayan YewTaxus Wallichiana

Data Source (Courtesy) – HP Forest Dept