Classification of Himachal Pradesh Forest

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Great Himalayan National Park

Legal Classification of Forest areas in Himachal Pradesh

Category wise Forests Area (Sq KM) Percentage
Reserved Forests 1883 4.96%
Demarcated Protected Forests 12852 33.87%
Un-demarcated Protected Forests 16035 42.25%
Others forests* (Managed by Forest Department) 7160 18.87%
Not managed by Forest Department (Municipal, Cantonment Forests etc.,) 18 0.05%
Total 37948 100%

* Other Forests include Unclassed forests, Shamlats, Co-operative forests, Charagah, billa, drakhtan and strip forests.
Note- All the figures furnished above are as per the official brochure of HP Forest Department, titled as “Forest Area 2018″duly approved by the Govt of HP.

Geographical Distribution of Forest

  Area (Sq KM) Percentage
Geographical Area of Himachal Pradesh 55673 100%
Forest area Legally Classified 37948 68.16%
Area under Tree Cover 15100 27.12%
Very Dense Forest 3110 5.58%
Moderate Dense Forest 6705 12.04%
Open Forest 5285 9.49%

Note – Geographical Distribution of Forest (As per FSI Report 2017)

DISTRICT WISE FOREST COVER OF HIMACHAL PRADESH : As Per FSI Report 2017 (Area in Sq KM)

District Geographical Area (Sq KM) Very Dense Forest (Sq KM) Mod. Desne Forest (Sq KM) Open Forest (Sq KM) Total (Sq KM)
Bilaspur 1167 23 161 191 375
Chamba 6522 775 986 682 2443
Hamirpur 1118 39 86 188 311
Kangra 5739 297 1274 626 2197
Kinnaur 6401 79 266 278 623
Kullu 5503 582 843 562 1987
Lahul Spiti 13841 15 31 147 193
Mandi 3950 368 722 671 1761
Shimla 5131 736 1030 624 2399
Sirmaur 2825 131 568 688 1387
Solan 1936 46 426 394 866
Una 1540 19 303 234 556
Grand Total 55673 3110 6705 5285 15100

Conifers (trees) Found in Himachal Pradesh Forests

Sr No. Common Name Scientific Name
1 Blue Pine/Himalayan Pine Pinus Wallichina
2 Chir Pine Pinus Roxburghii
3 Chilghoza Pine Pinus Gerardiana
4 West Himalayan Spruce Picea Smithiana
5 Pindrow Fir/West Himalayan Fir Abies Pindrow
6 East Himalayan Fir Abies Spectabilis
7 Himalayan cypress Cupressus Torulosa
8 Himalayan Cedar/Deodar Cedrus Deodara
9 Indian Juniper/Himalayan Juniper/Devidiar Juniperus Macropoda
10 Drooping Juniper/Himalayan Juniper Juniperus Recurva
11 Flaky Juniper/Himalayan Juniper Juiperus Squamata
12 Common Juniper Juniperus Communis
13 Black Juniper Juniperous Indica
14 Himalayan Yew Taxus Wallichiana

Data Source (Courtesy) – HP Forest Dept

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